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The construction of the Estación del Norte you see today, was due to the great commercial and industrial expansion Valencia was experiencing at the time (late 19th - early 20th centuries).
First Station in Valencia
The first railway station in Valencia (and with it, the third railway line in all of Spain at the time), was built on the grounds of the old San Francisco Convent, where Plaza del Ayuntamiento stands today. This first station was called Estación del Norte.
Design and construction
The new North Station was commissioned by the Compañía de los Caminos de Hierro del Norte and designed by Valencian architect Demetrio Ribes Marco. The company at the time had the most extended railway network in Spain. Works on the site began in August.
While the new Estación del Norte was under construction, trains still had to get to the old North Station. They would do this by crossing the unfinished façade of the new station and proceeding down the current Avenida del Marqués de Sotelo (view map) until arriving at the old train station.
The current Estación del Norte was inaugurated, and the old one was demolished.
The railway network was nationalised. The station was thus passed from the hands of the Compañía de los Caminos de Hierro del Norte to those of RENFE (Spanish national railway network). Regardless, the name del Norte remains.
The current station was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument.