Estación del Norte Valencia façade
Estación del Norte

Architectural elements and style

Estación del Norte is a monumental Valencian landmark. Like other sights in the city (such as the Central Market), it is representative of the Valencian Art Nouveau movement, known in Spanish as Modernismo Valenciano .

This particular taste is visible in the amalgamation of architecture with sculpture and the decorative arts. The building integrates carpentry, forged iron, and ceramics into its structure.

The structure

The structure of the building can be simplified as having three main components. Two stand on either side of the train tracks, while a third, larger section, stands as a façade.

The main façade is organised with a central pavilion and two protruding bodies at the sides, which rise higher than the rest of the building, like towers.

The structure of Estación del Norte in Valencia
In the picture you can appreciate the structure of the station: a central pavilion and the two protruding bodies at the sides.

In front of the façade is a large uncovered courtyard, enclosed by a Viennese-style gate that separates the station from the busy streets. This two-storey façade combines mouldings, pilasters, and classically inspired elements.

Behind the facade is a foyer where you’ll find the antique ticket offices. Where the old cafeteria used to be, you’ll see the Sala de Mosaicos, a hall fully decorated in ceramic panels, mosaics and traditional trencadís. Past all this, are the platforms and tracks, sheltered by a vaulted metal roof.

Antique ticket offices in Estación del Norte in Valencia
In Valencia’s Estación del Norte in Valencia, the lobby and ticket offices too, are part of the beautiful decoration.

The decorative elements

In the North Station the decoration is the decisive element. The majority of the ornaments you’ll see are a mixture of ceramic sculptures, painted ceramic tiles, glass, or trencadís. Trencadís is a mosaic made from tiny shards of broken tile, a technique typical of Valencian and Catalan modernism.

Trencadís - traditional mosaic in Estación del Norte in Valencia
On the wall of the Sala de Mosaicos, depicted here, you can appreciate the painted tiles along the trencadís technique on the white wall.

The colourful ornaments and details depict the Valencian Huerta (the productive fields surrounding the city), its people, and its products (oranges and blossoms in particular).

The façade is richly decorated with brightly coloured details and garlands. Numerous ceramic sculptures reproduce different floral ornaments and coats of arms (either representing the City of Valencia or the Compañía del Norte). The original entrance is decorated with two ceramic panels.

Traditional ceramic panels by the entrance to Estación del Norte in Valencia
Depicted you can see one of the painted ceramic panels by the entrance to Estación del Norte.

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Architectural elements and style