The Vittoriano

The Victor Emmanuel II National Monument, also known as the Mole del Vittoriano or simply Vittoriano, is a must-see for any visitor in Rome. It is a magnificent fusion of Art-Nouveau, Eclecticism, and Neoclassicism, and it is one of the most important monuments celebrating Italian unification.


The Victor Emmanuel II National Monument (or Vittoriano), is a national monumental complex located on the north side of Campidoglio Hill, in Piazza Venezia. It is thus in the center of Ancient Rome and linked to the modern city center thanks to several important streets that flow into the square.

The whole building has been given great symbolic value, as it represents sacrifice for the fatherland and all its ideals. This is particularly thanks to the evocative figure of Victor Emmanuel II and the construction of the Altar of the Fatherland, symbolizing the complex process of unification and liberation from foreign domination. The Altar is the most famous part of the monument, and it comprises an altar to the goddess Rome and a shrine to an unknown soldier. The whole complex is often referred to as the Altar of the Fatherland, because of the Altar’s importance.


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